You can retrofit your home

You can retrofit your home

Foundation Bolting

Seismic strengthening diagram showing foundation bolting and blocking for earthquake retrofitting
Foundation bolting typically means that bolts are added to improve the connections between the wooden framing members of a building and its concrete foundation. Usually this means adding bolts through the piece of wood that lies flat on top of the foundation, referred to as the sill or mudsill, into the concrete. There may be no existing bolts, or the existing bolts may be either weakened or too far apart to be strong enough for earthquake resistance.


Careful planning, placement and installation of foundation bolts are critical for good bolting strength. It is important to use the proper type of bolt corresponding to the existing conditions of the home and its foundation. The expected type of bolt load or stress is another important consideration for bolt selection.
Two types of foundation bolts are typically used– expansion bolts and epoxy-set bolts. Find all solutions on  soft story retrofit Los Angeles.

Mechanical type anchor bolt with square plate washer
Expansion Foundation Bolts

Expansion type foundation bolts, also known as mechanical foundation anchor bolts, are the basic type of bolt used in earthquake retrofitting to anchor the mudsill to the foundation– they cost less to install, but require good concrete strength to work well. They are typically used in houses with newer foundations or when the concrete is in good repair.
The current ABAG Standard Plan A for earthquake retrofitting specifies that expansion bolts may be used as long as their installation does not cause cracking of the concrete. In these cases the mechanical type anchor bolt is very effective when the bolt is properly installed according to the manufacturer’s specifications.
Photo: Mechanical type anchor bolt with square plate washer
Epoxy-set Foundation Bolts

Epoxy-set foundation bolts work better than mechanical anchor bolts in older homes where the concrete may be weaker than in a newer home. They also perform better when the earthquake force is expected to cause an uplift– a situation where the movement pulls the bolt upward and out of the concrete. In addition, epoxy anchors can be longer and therefore inserted deeper into the concrete. This is particularly important if there is additional base framing (blocking) added between the cripple wall studs for the structural plywood anchorage of a shear wall (cripple wall bracing).
Plate Washers

The requirement for clamping washers installed with retrofit anchor bolts has been recently upgraded. It is now mandatory to use hot-dipped galvanized 3″ x 3″ x 1/4″ square plate washers under the anchor bolt nut. This allows the mudsill to be clamped more securely to the foundation.
The use of this large clamping washer is important because it has been observed in recent earthquakes that the older type of round washer commonly found in houses built prior to the mid 1990s, sometimes pulled through the mudsill because they weren’t large enough to provide adequate holding strength.
Foundation Plates

Sometimes there is not adequate vertical clearance under a home to properly anchor the mudsill to the foundation with conventional anchor bolts. These plates are installed at intervals similar to anchor bolts in retrofit applications.
Cripple Wall Bracing

Earthquake bracing diagram comparing unimproved cripple wall with retrofitted cripple wall showing cripple wall bracing, double studding and blocking
Most houses have a short wood-framed wall in the sub-area crawl space. This wall my be anywhere from a few inches to several feet in height, running upward from the top of the concrete foundation to the bottom of the main floor. In construction language, this is referred to as a cripple wall. Cripple wall collapse is a main source of earthquake related failure. The collapse of this wall will often result in the main floor dropping to the ground. The house is vaulted off to the side of the foundation as the cripple wall simply rolls out from under it.
Stiffening or bracing of the cripple wall to keep if from collapsing during seismic movement is a very important part of earthquake retrofitting. The bracing is accomplished by attaching structural grade plywood tightly to the wall framing. In engineering language, this strong or stiffened wall is referred to as a shear wall.
The stiffening effect is accomplished in the lengthwise direction of the plywood, which means that plywood runs along the side walls of a house will brace it in the front-to-back direction while plywood run along the front and back walls will brace the house in the side-to-side direction. Accordingly, it is important to brace all sides of a house for the best seismic protection.
It is usually not necessary and may even be undesirable to brace the entire lengths of the cripple walls. Over-bracing means unnecessary work and cost, and many engineers think that it is important to maintain some ductility in the sub-areas of the house.
Following the principle that a chain is only as strong as its weakest length, it is also important to complete the connection from the foundations, through the walls, and into the overhead floor framing. Load transfer is an engineering term which in everyday language means that the effects of the earthquake movements are transferred from one of the buildings components into the next– ground to foundation, foundation to sill, sill to wall, wall to floor.

Foundation bolting typically means that bolts are added to improve the connections between the wooden framing members of a building and its concrete foundation. There may be no existing bolts, or the existing bolts may be either weakened or too far apart to be strong enough for earthquake resistance.
The expected type of bolt load or stress is another important consideration for bolt selection.
Epoxy-set foundation bolts work better than mechanical anchor bolts in older homes where the concrete may be weaker than in a newer home. Sometimes there is not adequate vertical clearance under a home to properly anchor the mudsill to the foundation with conventional anchor bolts.

How to Set Up Your Own DIY Photo Booth

The Camera Equipment

A basic digital point-and-shoot camera works perfectly for a DIY photo booth. Some attach to the camera with a cable, others operate wirelessly.

For a truly professional photo booth, good lighting is a must. A spotlight and photography umbrella (available online or at camera supply shops) diffuses the light and adds a flattering glow to friends’ faces. If you opt against lighting equipment, turn your camera’s flash on or place a floor lamp beside the camera facing the backdrop.

How to Set Up Your Own DIY Photo Booth

The Backdrop

This is where you get to show off your creative skills. A printed fabric backdrop is most common, but why limit yourself to store-bought options? Make one that adds life to the photos. You can find photo booth Los Angeles and adds life to the photos.

Create a chevron-inspired backdrop with black foam board, a glue stick and jumbo gold sequins. For a more colorful backdrop, try dipping the tips of coffee filters into multi-hued fabric dyes, then affixing to a foam board for a floral effect.

This is where you get to show off your creative skills. A printed fabric backdrop is most common, but why limit yourself to store-bought options? Make one that adds life to the photos. Create a chevron-inspired backdrop with black foam board, a glue stick and jumbo gold sequins. Draw the chevron stripes using a ruler, then fill in rows of sequins.
For a more colorful backdrop, try dipping the tips of coffee filters into multi-hued fabric dyes, then affixing to a foam board for a floral effect. For a simpler backdrop, hang a section of Kraft paper and paint it with gold stripes or polka dots.
The Props

A variety of props keeps things fun and guests interested. Start with your own closet: that furry scarf you got as gift but never wore, those silky gloves that belonged to your great aunt and that fascinator you wore to the races can all become kitschy props.

Next, hit up thrift stores, vintage shops and estate sales in your area. Look for objects like cameras, musical instruments, telescopes, binoculars, magnifying glasses, old ship and car steering wheels, picture frames, necklaces, clocks, tea cups, telephones, suitcases, vintage pieces, books, antlers and pretty much anything that is large enough to show in a photograph. To narrow down the prop options, choose a theme or era to work from.

A chalkboard or dry-erase board lets guests create their own custom messages. Buy your own inexpensive model, or make your own using a piece of wood and a picture frame with our easy DIY chalkboard how-to.

A variety of props keeps things fun and guests interested. Don’t know where to look for props? Start with your own closet: that furry scarf you got as gift but never wore, those silky gloves that belonged to your great aunt and that fascinator you wore to the races can all become kitschy props. Ask your friends to scavenge their own closets for similar items.
Next, hit up thrift stores, vintage shops and estate sales in your area. Look for objects like cameras, musical instruments, telescopes, binoculars, magnifying glasses, old ship and car steering wheels, picture frames, necklaces, clocks, tea cups, telephones, suitcases, vintage pieces, books, antlers and pretty much anything that is large enough to show in a photograph. To narrow down the prop options, choose a theme or era to work from. A chalkboard or dry-erase board lets guests create their own custom messages. Buy your own inexpensive model, or make your own using a piece of wood and a picture frame with our easy DIY chalkboard how-to.
Printable props can also add whimsy to your photo booth. Download our collection of printable props and assemble them before your party starts.
Printable props can also add whimsy to your photo booth. Download our collection of printable props and assemble them before your party starts.
The Location

When choosing where to set up your photo booth in the party space, look for an area that doesn’t obstruct the flow of the party but is still easily accessible. Even if you are hosting a large gathering, you don’t need a lot of square footage to set up the photo booth. Tip: Hallways are often underutilized as gatherings; a wide hallway can be an ideal spot for a photo booth.

The space should also have a wall large enough to accomodate your backdrop. Ideally, 5 feet across and 3 to 4 feet tall is sufficient to frame 3 to 5 people waist-up in the shots.

The Setup

If there are windows in the space, cover them with a dark cloth to ensure that the flash properly lights the photos. Next, measure the wall space to plan the size of the backdrop.

Frame the shot and angle the camera accordingly. Ask someone to stand in front of the camera while you frame the shot.

Assemble a prop station and display items guests can grab easily to pose with. A practical way to decorate the prop table without adding unnecessary items to the surface is to hang objects from the ceiling using twine and push pins. Make a simple signboard instructing guests to pick a prop and strike a pose and place it near the prop table.

A basic digital point-and-shoot camera works perfectly for a DIY photo booth. If you opt against lighting equipment, turn your camera’s flash on or place a floor lamp beside the camera facing the backdrop.

Look for objects like cameras, musical instruments, telescopes, binoculars, magnifying glasses, old ship and car steering wheels, picture frames, necklaces, clocks, tea cups, telephones, suitcases, vintage pieces, books, antlers and pretty much anything that is large enough to show in a photograph. Look for objects like cameras, musical instruments, telescopes, binoculars, magnifying glasses, old ship and car steering wheels, picture frames, necklaces, clocks, tea cups, telephones, suitcases, vintage pieces, books, antlers and pretty much anything that is large enough to show in a photograph. Ask someone to stand in front of the camera while you frame the shot.

Top 10 Preventive Maintenance Tips for Garage Door Owners

Top 10 Preventive Maintenance Tips for Garage Door Owners

1. Look and Listen
The most important preventive step you can take is to observe your garage door in action every time you use it. Is it moving smoothly or is it jerky in places? Does it operate silently or does it make grinding or scraping noises? Do both sides of the system (springs, pulleys and cables) look symmetrical?

2. Tighten up the Hardware
The average garage door moves up and down more than a thousand times a year. That’s a lot of movement and vibration, which can loosen the hardware. Examine and tighten all roller brackets and bolts with a socket wrench.

3. Test the Garage Door Balance
If your garage door is not properly balanced, the garage door opener will have to work harder, and it won’t last as long.

After you disconnect the opener by pulling the release handle (usually a red cord), manually move the door about halfway up. If it doesn’t stay put, the counterweight system (springs) are improperly balanced. Garage door spring adjustment is best left to the professionals. Find a garage door professionals at garage door spring repair Tacoma.

4. Inspect and Replace the Rollers
The rollers, whether steel or nylon, need to be inspected twice a year and replaced every seven years or so, and even more if you use your garage door many times a day.

Worn, chipped or cracked rollers should be replaced as soon as possible. You do this by removing and reinstalling any roller brackets that are not directly attached to the cable system.

5. Replace the Weatherstripping
If the rubber weather seal strip on the bottom of your door is brittle or cracked, replace it right away to keep the elements out of your house. Weatherstripping is sold by the foot at hardware and home improvement stores. Just cut to size and insert into the grooves with the wide angle of the flange inside the door.

6. Lubricate the Moving Parts
Keeping your garage door parts greased up will add years of seamless operation to your system– and it takes just 10 minutes a year! Use white lithium grease on the opener’s chain or screw, and a spray lubricant, available from your garage door specialist, to coat the overhead springs.

7. Check the Cables
You should never tinker with the high-tension cables that lift your door because they have enough force to maim and kill. You can check their condition so you know when to hire a pro. Check for broken strands and damage near the bottom roller bracket.

8. Test the Auto-Reverse Safety Features
In order to test the mechanical feature, place a piece of wood or a brick on the ground in the path of the door. To test the second, the photoelectric system with beams at each side, close your door and just pass your leg in the door’s path.

If your opener is more than 20 years old, it may lack this basic safety features– and so it’s time to buy a new garage door opener.

9. Clear the Tracks
Make sure the tracks on either side of the door are free from debris and, if you are so inclined, you can use a level to check the plumb. Any major adjustments to tracks must be done by a professional garage door technician.

10. Groom Your Garage Door
Wood doors will need to be checked for water damage and warp, as well as chipped and peeling paint. Wash your garage door regularly with a mild all-purpose cleaner at the same time you do your car.

The most important preventive step you can take is to observe your garage door in action every time you use it. The average garage door moves up and down more than a thousand times a year. Garage door spring adjustment is best left to the professionals.

To test the second, the photoelectric system with beams at each side, close your door and just pass your leg in the door’s path. Wash your garage door regularly with a mild all-purpose cleaner at the same time you do your car.

How you can Pick A Knowledgeable Hair transplantation Surgeon

They state that a full head of hair is your crowning glory, so hairfall could be one of one of the most harrowing experiences for both men and women. Naturally, there are means to reduce hairfall or perhaps repair the problem if it gets very poor, but not all techniques work. More notably, not all so called ‘professionals’ that guarantee to revive a head loaded with hair are credible. Like practically any type of clinical treatment, a great deal relies on the individual treating you for any kind of problem. For a fragile surgery like hair transplant, this holds much more true, because a botched up surgical treatment can not only cause a poor look, however additionally expenses in trying to undo the damages.

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Prior to you in fact make the decision to go for a hair transplant however, you should appropriately comprehend loss of hair triggers, and speak with a seasoned expert who will certainly inform you if you need the surgical treatment in the first place. The initial stages of loss of hair could be treatable by medications, and only the medical professional will know whether it’s the correct time to get a hair transplant surgery. So exactly how do you choose the appropriate surgeon, you ask? It’s mostly understanding just what procedure you will be going through and also comprehending that hair transplantation isn’t as very easy as it appears, there’s a great deal that goes into it.

Hair Transplant Procedure

Examine qualifications as well as experience: Whatever, surgical procedure is a fragile technique that is just honed by experience. If your hair transplant specialist possesses the needed accreditations, trainings as well as has experience with carrying out surgeries of multiple kinds, you must excel to go.

Click here for more details of hair transplant surgeon at Oliveroot.
Talk about your options: While it may appear like an end-all remedy, hair transplant surgery isn’t the only step you can take. Your doctor needs to be able to suggestions you concerning what your alternatives are, as well as if you don’t have any left, he/she must have the ability to inform you why. Basically, there should be logic behind each step, as well as not simply jumping to surgical procedure.
Speak to previous clients: The very best method to discover whether you’re making the best choice is speaking with older individuals. Because they’ve been through the experience and interacted extensively with the surgeon, they would certainly have far better insights.
Request an explanation: It’s commonly stated that you could just really recognize an idea if you could simplify and describe it to someone else in less complex terms. While hair transplant surgical treatment might be made complex, there are numerous kinds which suit different instances as well as budget plans. A good specialist needs to have the ability to clarify the advantages and disadvantages of each procedure, a recap of it, and also why they have actually selected that one to treat you.
Make sure top quality equipment as well as procedures: A great deal of the devices made use of by hair transplant surgeons are made at various areas around the globe. As an example, you can get punches, a crucial piece of equipment in the procedure, so $10, or $100. The punches are delicate applies that remove the necessary hair graft from the contributor location. Low quality and also cheap strikes lead to only 30-40% graft survival price, while better ones go up to 90-95%. Certainly, you want your surgeon to utilize the much better tools, so ask whether you could see it. In addition, you’ll wish to guarantee that all implements are consistently cleaned up, disinfected and all medical treatments are complied with scrupulously. The last you point you want is an infection.

 

Satisfy your physician as well as their staff: Ultimately, make it an indicate talk with your specialist beforehand regarding the details. A front workplace rep may be able to offer you fundamental details, however anything beyond that must be mentioned only with the cosmetic surgeon. Only they could provide you the ideal info. It additionally helps to speak with the support personnel before you adopt surgical treatment, to make certain that the cosmetic surgeon is actually doing the treatment, and not some untrained non-surgical team.

Causes of Orthodontic Problems

Commonly, orthodontic troubles could be created when the jaws and also teeth don’t satisfy right. This problem is referred to as malocclusion, which is originated from words ‘mal’, suggesting badly, and also ‘occlude’, suggesting too close.

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Skeletal Malocclusion
Skeletal malocclusion is when the jaw is also huge or too small for the teeth, or when one jaw does not associate the other

Click here for more details of orthodontist fairlawn ohio.

Dental Malocclusion
Dental malocclusion is when the teeth are as well expanded, crowded, or wrong

Issues could be hereditary
Did you know that your malocclusion could in fact have originated from your parents? You could have inherited little jaws from one moms and dad, and large teeth from the other causing your jaws and teeth to be misaligned. Malocclusion could likewise be a result of bad dental hygiene, or bad practices, such as sucking your thumb or biting your finger nails.

Chiropractic Services

Relieve Pains and also Pains in Raleigh, NCChiropractic is a sort of natural medicine which involves a non-invasive way of dealing with conditions associated with bones, joints, muscular tissues and also tissues. Throughout the years, The Joint Chiropractice ® NC chiropractic care therapy has gotten in popularity due to its performance. The numerous techniques aid ease pain, boost capability as well as recover motion.

When people consider the pain and pain that can be alleviated by chiropractic, many have the tendency to consider back and also neck problems. Nevertheless, chiropractic treatment can be utilized to treat so much extra. Here are several of the local NC chiropractic care services that we offer. Learn more concerning The Joint as well as check out our nearby chiropractic office locations in North Carolina.

Pain In The Back ALLEVIATION
Neck and back pain could be really frustrating. It not just restricts our movements, but can also be really agonizing. The Joint Chiropractice ® NC chiropractic therapies and also techniques could aid relieve and get rid of a range of pain in the back troubles. Our chiropractic doctors will use their hands to adjust the spinal column and also its vertebrae by using just the right amount of stress using quick short thrusts. This treatment is targeted at lowering the irritability of the nerve closings along the spine which create pain. Additionally, it aids restore series of activity as well as enhances the feature of the back muscle mass.

Click the link for Local Chiropractor details

PERSISTENT NECK DISCOMFORT TREATMENT
Neck discomfort treatment depends on the reason. In many cases, our chiropractic specialists will utilize cervical adjustments to obtain activity in your joints and reduce the discomfort that is typically triggered by pinched nerves and also muscle spasms. The Joint Chiropractic ® local NC chiropractors may additionally adjust your neck utilizing their hands. This is done by very carefully manipulating the misaligned vertebrae back right into location.

MIGRAINE RELIEF
Frustrations could be connected to the neck and back muscles. Right here at The Joint Chiropractic care ® NC, we treat this trouble using back manipulation to enable the back muscle mass to unwind and also ease the frustrations. Straightening the back vertebrae could help decrease the regularity and also the strength of your headaches.

JOINT DISCOMFORT TREATMENT
Joint discomfort, especially knee discomfort, is usually located with pain in the back. The pain could be triggered by wrong stance, aging or sports injuries. While pain reliever may supply short-term relief, they do not attend to the root cause of the discomfort as well as will certainly shed strength gradually. Our chiropractic care therapy supplies long-lasting service to joint discomfort. Our chiropractic doctors can additionally enhance your health by treating your joint discomfort at its cause. Treatment for such troubles will entail a combination of hands-on adjustment as well as residence workout recommendations.

SPRAINS As Well As PRESSURES AND SPORTS INJURIES
A sprain is a sort of injury brought on by extending and/or tearing of a tendon. A stress is caused by muscle mass and/or tendon damage. Both injuries are common in the work environment as well as sports. Chiropractic is a really reliable treatment for strains and pressures. The Joint Chiropractic ® NC chiropractic physicians will certainly treat these injuries and will suggest workouts to help you recover the hurt muscles and also the tendons to their regular health.

ARTHRITIS TREATMENT
The Joint Chiropractic ® NC likewise focus on dealing with arthritic discomfort. Joint inflammation could impact any individual. Men, women, youngsters and elderly grownups. Arthritis could be brought on by several factors such as an infection, an autoimmune condition, injury and even be brought on by the general deterioration on the joints because of aging. For many years, chiropractic care has actually been extremely efficient in giving remedy for this condition. Our therapy enhances joint flexibility as well as relieves discomfort.

WHAT ELSE COULD YOU EXPECT AT THE JOINT CHIROPRACTIC?
Besides treatment, The Joint Chiropractic ® NC chiropractic specialist will educate you on the correct methods to take care of your health through exercise and also nourishment. This aids in the recovery process and reduces risks for future troubles. The size of the therapy depends of the type of injury as well as the severity of pain. Some patients could experience instant relief after the very first treatment, while others could require a number of therapies to cure the problem.

 

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