VW Type SystemWhat’s Your Aircooled VW “TYPE”?
Start hanging around the VW scene and also you will soon be confused by all the references to “Type this” and “Kind that”. In written type, you will become much more boggled by a selection of VW Kind System acronyms consisting of terms like “T4 ″, “Kind 4 ″, or “TIV”. A basic understanding the VW Kind System will both aid you in interacting with your fellow Aircooled VW lovers, as well as in understanding many of the numbers (consisting of part numbers) associated with timeless Volkswagens. (After reviewing this, make certain to read our article on the VW Component Numbering System and also on Framework Numbers).
The reason for all the complication is that there are 3 various “Kind” classifications being used, as well as they have crossover in terminology. The 3 various VW Type Designations are: Car Version Kind, VW Carrier Design Kind (unofficial), as well as VW Engine Design Type (approximately estimates car design kind, however differs enough to contribute to complication).
Aircooled VW Automobile Version Type
When the idea of “the people’s automobile” was born, Porsche (the maker of Volkswagens, in case you really did not know) utilized numbers to explain and also differentiate his lorry models as well as production models. Early Volkswagen model and also wartime manufacturing designs consisted of:
- the Type VW-3 (3 models were constructed by Dalmer-Benz– 2 were wood structure, the 3rd developed was
- the first all steel variation of the VW).
- the Kind VW38 (approx 60 prototypes constructed by Reutter & Company in 1938 for roadway screening functions).
- the Type 166– the Schwimmwagen (an aquatic 4 wheel drive lorry).
- the Type 87– Kommandeurswagen (4 wheel drive).
- the Kind 82E– 2 wheel drive version of the Kommandeurswagen (utilized as a team auto by the German army).
- the Kind 82– the Kublewagen (the leader of the Thing).
Manufacturing VW Type Classifications were as complies with:.
VW TYPE 1 (also known as T1, TI): Beetle, SuperBeetle, Ghia, Hebmuller, Thing.
The very first production version of the civilican Volkswagen “sedan” was constructed in 1945, after completion of WWII. It was based on Porsche’s initial “protoype 1 ″, therefore was designated as a “Kind 1 ″ lorry. Production designs that arised from alteration as well as changes to the initial idea of Protoype 1 were additionally classed as “Type 1 ″ lorries, and model/version numbers were contributed to their kind classifications to differentiate them. Beetles (Kind 11), SuperBeetles (Kind 15), Ghias (Type 14), Hebmullers (Kind 14A), and also Points (officially assigned as Kurierwagens– Kind 18) were all based upon the original Type 1 prototype.
VW KIND 2 (aka T2, TII): Carrier Bus, Van, Vanagon.
Model 2 for a “vehicle” version of the Volkswagen was developed in the post-war manufacturing years at the Wolfsburg Manufacturing facility. The Beetle (or Kind 1) chassis proved to be also weak to withstand the roughness of truck-use, therefore a stiffer (and also lighter) unitized body/chassis was developed. Production of Kind 2 cars, officially assigned as “Carriers”, began in 1950. Type 2 describes any kind of and all variations of the VW “vans” or “busses” that followed– and that includes a dreadful great deal of versions and also versions! To assist separate between the advancing VW Carrier versions, within Kind 2 circles, another “Type” calling convention came into prevalent usage: The CARRIER KIND SYSTEM … which we review in even more detail in the following section.
VW KIND 3 (aka T3, TIII): Notchback, Fastback, Squareback.
The Type 3 Volkswagen was introduced in 1961 in the Notchback (cocktail lounge style) and also Karmann Ghia Type 34 models. The alternative designs, Squareback and also Fastback followed in 1962 as well as 65 specifically. At the end of 1967, the Kind 3 ‘E’ became the initial German auto in collection manufacturing with electronic fuel injection as common tools. While the Type 3 was a more modern-day auto in both style and also engineering, it never ever reached the exact same level of appeal as the Beetle, and also convertible designs never made it to the production line.
VW TYPE 4 (also known as T4, TIV): Models 411 & 412.
Volkswagen Type Fours wased initially generated in Germany around 1968 as well as were only imported to the United States between 1971 and 1974. Kind Fours were an attempt to branch out the VW lorry lineup, but they really did not offer that well, and discontinued manufacturing after only 400,000 were made. The Kind 4 was the last mass-produced air-cooled rear-engine automobile designed with an useful back seat.
VW Carrier Kind.
As soon as you clear up that you are purely talking about VW car Model “Kind 2 ″ (that’s Transporters!), the VW Transporter Type designations will certainly help you to distinguish in between.
- T1: “Early Bus” (T1a– “Barn Door”, T1b– 56-63, T1c– 64 & up).
- T2: “Late Bus” (nicknamed “Loaf” or “Bay Home window”) T2a for 67-71 “Very early Bay”, and T2b for 72 & up “Late Bay”, and.
- T3 (also known as T25) Aircooled Vanagon (nicknamed “Brick”) style vans.
Regarding we understand, these are informal “type” classifications, developed retrospectively by VW enthusiasts. When composed, they are typically just made use of in the brief style “T1 ″, “T2 ″, “T3 ″. When the
- VW Eurovan occurred and people normally called it a “T4 ″ … not to be confused (hopefully) with the previous VW car designs 411 & 412!
Aircooled VW Engine Design Kind.
All aircooled VW car models shared the exact same fundamental feature of an aircooled engine placed in the back, which owned the rear wheels with a gearbox mounted forward of the engine. The “types” of engines normally showed the vehicle design type to which they were initially fitted. Type 1, Type 2, and also Kind 3 engines were actually all just variants on the original Beetle (Kind 1) engine. Although later Kind II’s were fitted with a Kind 4 engine. A better means to identify engine kind is by utilizing Engine Codes, but since you will inevitabley listen to recommendations to VW Engines by “type”, below is a stab at an overview for analyzing those recommendations. You can also checkout Averys air-cooled.
- Type 1 “Upright” Engine:.
Dimensions 36HP, 40 HP, 1300cc, 1500cc (single port), 1600cc (single port), 1500cc (dual port), 1600cc (dual port).
1500cc and also 1600cc Type 1 engines switched to double port intakes in 1971.
- Type 2 “Upright” Engine:.
Early Kind Few were fitted with Type 1 engines. The engines were basically compatible, but since the Carrier was a larger car which required more power to move, they generally had a bigger sized engine in any kind of offered design year.
68-71 Kind 2 engines were still a Kind 1 engine, and now were modified by piercing the crankcase for placing to a cross member.
Late Kind 2s were fitted with Kind 4 Flat engines (see listed below).
- Type 3 “Pancake” Engine: 1600cc.
Primarily a Type 1 engine again, yet with different air conditioning system, clutch as well as exhaust.
Starting in 1971, twin intake ports were introduced on the cylinder heads, which had all had single consumption ports approximately that point.
- Type 4 “Apartment” or “Suitcase” Engine: 1700cc, 1800cc, 2000cc.
The Type 4 is called a “flat” engine, because the air conditioning fan is fitted directly throughout of crankshaft. The Type 4 taken advantage of a brand-new more long lasting all aluminium crankcase.